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Cynoglossus abbreviatus  (Gray, 1834)

Three-lined tongue sole
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Cynoglossus abbreviatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cynoglossus abbreviatus (Three-lined tongue sole)
Cynoglossus abbreviatus
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 85 m (Ref. 11230).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: South China Sea (Amoy, Canton, Kowloon, Hong Kong and Shanton) through Taiwan, Shanghai, Tunghai and Pohai to Korea and Japan. Known from Shizuoka Prefecture to the South China Sea (Ref. 559). Also found in Indonesia (Ref. 5978).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Body comparatively deep (23 to 28% SL). Maxilla extending only to point equal with verticals through middle and posterior margin of fixed eye. Corner of mouth nearer to tip of snout than to branchial opening (Ref 9895).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in the sublittoral zone incl. semi-enclosed sea areas; inhabits muddy and sandy bottoms of the continental shelf and feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 2107, 11230).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Menon, A.G.K., 1977. A systematic monograph of the tongue soles of the genus Cynoglossus Hamilton-Buchanan (Pisces: Cynoglossidae). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (238):1-129. (Ref. 5297)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00290 - 0.01730), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4-5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.