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Valencia letourneuxi  (Sauvage, 1880)

Corfu toothcarp
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Valenciidae (Toothcarps)
Etymology: Valencia: After Valenciennes, the ichthyologist?.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; non-migratory.   Subtropical; 15°C - 24°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?; 41°N - 39°N, 19°E - 22°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Albania and western Greece, from Lake Butrint to Alfios drainages, and Corfu and Lefkas islands where it has been extirpated.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays: 11. Can be diagnosed from other species of Valenciidae, Fundulidae and Cyprinodontidae in Europe by the following characters: males bluish to greyish, possessing 1-14 darker bars narrower than or as wide as interspaces, not always distinct anteriorly, with iridescent spots; males with caudal fin hyaline to bluish, with or without dark posterior margin, and spots organized into 2-4 vertical rows; dorsal and anal fins of adult male not reaching caudal fin; 28-30 scales in midlateral series on body; anal fin usually with 11 rays; pectoral fin with 12-14 rays (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A short-lived species. Adults inhabit swamps, lowland water courses with little current, lagoons, springs and associated wetlands (Ref. 26100). Can tolerate salinity of up to 4 ppt in the wild and 46 ppt under laboratory conditions, but prefer freshwater. They feed mainly on insects, especially chironomids (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to the introduction of other species and water abstraction (Ref. 26100). Not a seasonal killifish. Difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are scattered among fine-feathered water plants. Young hatch after 16-20 days (Ref. 2060). Eggs of about 2-mm in diameter are laid probably in batches (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (A3ce; B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .