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Centropomus ensiferus  Poey, 1860

Swordspine snook
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Centropomus ensiferus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centropomus ensiferus (Swordspine snook)
Centropomus ensiferus
Picture by Perusquía, E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centropomidae (Snooks)
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Poey.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range ? - 22 m (Ref. 26912).   Subtropical; 25°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Greater and Lesser Antilles, and continental Caribbean coasts of Central and South America southward extending to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 1-3; Anal soft rays: 6. 2nd spine of anal fin greatly enlarged; body yellowish brown dorsally, silver laterally and ventrally; lateral line dusky; pectoral and pelvic fins yellow, other fins dusky (Ref. 13608).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater. Found over soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds on small fishes (Engraulidae, Clupeidae, etc.) and crustaceans (mainly shrimps) (Ref. 35237).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Juveniles in mangrove areas and irrigation canals.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fraser, T.H., 1978. Centropomidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). FAO, Rome. Vol. 1-2. pag.var. (Ref. 3713)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00431 - 0.01274), b=3.09 (2.94 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=80,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.